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"Blam!" is a recurring phrase in Bungie lore with violent or otherwise impactful connotations. The Oni community mainly uses "blam" to refer to a crash of the Oni app, because of the dialog that pops up on such occasions. The actual "damn!"/"Blam, Oni crashed" dialog only appears for Windows builds, but the Mac Oni app can crash too, for more or less the same reasons, hence the general use of "blam" for whenever Oni runs into trouble and suddenly quits.

Blam at startup

This crash, the most notorious of Oni problems, has been traced to the overflow of a particular text buffer which is responsible for storing a list of available OpenGL extensions. When Oni was made, the OpenGL extension list dump was much shorter, and the developers did not allow for a larger dump. Modern graphics cards almost always overflow this buffer.

If your version of Oni just crashed on startup, take a look at startup.txt (it's in your Oni folder). After a successful run of Oni, there should be a rather big list of OpenGL extensions towards the end of this file. If the list cuts off abruptly or the last line in the file starts with "OpenGL version =", it means that startup failed due to this buffer overflow.

This bug is fixed with the Daodan DLL in Windows, and fixed in macOS by the Intel and patched PPC builds.

Below are other causes of crashes, though none of them should affect someone who is playing Oni in a normal way.

Other text buffer overflows

There are other occasions when Oni dumps large amounts of text, and when the dumped text is larger than the buffer Bungie set up for it, you'll have an overflow, and Oni will crash.

debugger.txt - another debug log located in the Oni folder
other debug logs enabled with the -debugfiles command line argument
console output in Developer Mode

Debug logs

What you should remember about them :

  • Some debug logs that can cause crashes are only enabled if you choose to do so. (See -debugfiles under command line argument.)
  • You can't disable the default debug logs (debugger.txt and startup.txt), so this cannot prevent the startup Blam. See the "Solution Links" below for patches for this.
  • Some other logs (debug files and console output) are either disabled in the executable you're using, or they're (re)enabled and in that case you may experience a crash.

Non-text buffer overflows

There are other fixed-size buffers that can also overflow and crash Oni.

Movie buffer
As explained here, recording a film that approaches half an hour in length can crash Oni.

Out of range errors

There are a number of situations where Oni will "Blam" that have little to do with buffers. Most often, the engine will attempt to address a region in memory but fail to find the expected data.

Oni can generate too many pathfinding nodes if a pathfinding grid is inconsistent with the environment (rare).
Switching between characters
Oni will crash if you chr_focus to a character that's not drawn.
Oni will crash if you fire a gun while in control of an active AI
Oni will crash if you "talk" to a neutral AI while in control of it.
(it's a bit more complicated, but who cares?)
Non-existent BSL functions
Oni will crash if you call a non-existent BSL function with the strong syntax.