XML:SNDD

From OniGalore
Jump to: navigation, search
SNDD : Sound Data
XML modding tips
  • See HERE to start learning about XML modding.
  • See HERE if you are searching for information on how to handle object coordinates.
  • See HERE for some typical modding errors and their causes.
XML.png
XML

PSUI << Other file types >> TRAC

switch to OBD page

Unfinished building-60px.jpg

This page is unfinished. Can you fill in any missing information?
If it is not clear which part of the page is unfinished, ask on the talk page.

More OSBD .grp / .amb information could be useful and .imp is completely left out so far.

The xml code on this page is based on onisplit v0.9.61.0


How do I get sounds into Oni?

In order to make your sounds available on both sides - pc and mac - you need to create them twice (one time from a wav source and another time from an aif/aifc/afc source).


Source file creation

In Windows, SNDDs use WAV as their internal data format, but on Macs the AIFF format is used. Here are the details:

Windows Mac
.wav
22.05KHz (mono / stereo) or 44.1KHz (mono)
16-bit uncompressed (PCM) or compressed (MS-ADPCM)
.aif / .aifc / .afc
22.05KHz (mono / stereo)
compressed (ima4)

To create suitable files for importing into Oni using a GUI program, you could use Audacity and its ffmpeg Export Library. After you've installed Audacity and the ffmpeg library, go to Edit > Preferences... > Libraries, click the Locate... button and find the installed library file. Open your sound file then go to File > Export... > Save As: yourfile.wav; Format: Custom FFmpeg Export; Options... > wav; pcm_s16le; Sample Rate: 22050; OK and save the file (adpcm_ms doesn't work as of Audacity 1.3 Beta).

Audacity.png

If you want to convert sounds into the AIFF format for Macs, the major catch with Audacity is that its batch processing feature does not support AIFF exporting even though it's a part of the underlying ffmpeg program that Audacity uses. To convert a large number of sound files, you can install ffmpeg using your package manager of choice (MacPorts, Homebrew, etc.). Building can take a while, but you can also find pre-built ffmpeg binaries around the Web fairly easily. The basic command you want to use is:

ffmpeg -i input.wav -acodec adpcm_ima_qt -ar 22050 output.aif

Note that the order of arguments is critical: the rate and encoding are being applied to the outputted file, whereas if they came before the input file's name they would be instructions on how to read the input sound. Here is a simple shell script for converting a folder of sounds from WAV to the AIFF format suitable for importing:

#!/bin/sh
IFS=" "
IN_DIR="/path/to/SNDD-wav" OUT_DIR="/path/to/SNDD-aif" for WAV in `find $IN_DIR | grep .wav$ ` do FILENAME=$(basename "$WAV") echo "Converting $FILENAME to IMA-compressed AIFF..." ffmpeg -i "$IN_DIR/$FILENAME" -acodec adpcm_ima_qt -ar 22050 "$OUT_DIR/${FILENAME%.wav}$aif.aif" done

Note the double ".aif" suffix applied to the outputted files. This is necessary due to Oni's sounds possessing a ".aif" suffix as part of their actual resource names (even the WAV-encoded Windows sounds). So if you import them with a name like "SNDDgears.aif", the file suffix gets changed to ".oni" upon import, and you end up with a resource simply titled "SNDDgears" in-game. Oni will be looking for a sound titled "SNDDgears.aif", and won't find it. Hence, we title the AIFF file "SNDDgears.aif.aif" so that OniSplit yields "SNDDgears.aif.oni" upon importing, which in turn produces the resource named "SNDDgears.aif" that Oni desires.

Oni file creation

via Vago

Installation:

Usage: Oni/AE/Tools/VagoGUI/Vago.exe

  • Target Platform: choose the desired mode
  • Tools > Sound Wizard


via batch file

Get them HERE, includes a short readme.


via command line

For those who want to do it on their own.

onisplit

-create output_directory_MAC input_directory/*.aif
-create output_directory_PC input_directory/*.wav
-create output_directory input_directory/*.xml

For fast xml text changes and naming give them all yourfile as name if you have only one sound:

SNDDyourfile.oni
OSBDyourfile.grp.oni
OSBDyourfile.amb.oni


OSBD information

OSBD files are stored globally (in level0_Final).

when use what

  • OSBD*.amb
    • music (call OSBD from BSL)
    • sound dialogs (call OSBD from BSL)
    • BINA3RAP <AmbientSound> (action type)
    • BINACJBOSound.xml (area-fixed sounds)
    • ONCC sounds (e.g. taunt)
    • TRIG <ActiveSound>
    • TURR <ActiveSound>
  • OSBD*.imp


details on music

OSBD_newmusic.amb.oni (The main file, links to the group, intro and ending files)
OSBD_newmusic.grp.oni (Contain links to the music files)
OSBD_newmusic_in.grp.oni (Links to intro part of the music - Optional)
OSBD_newmusic_out.grp.oni (Links to the ending of the music - Optional)
SNDD_newmusic1.oni (The individual music files - Its best to break up the music into segments of perhaps 30 secs to a minute each - Oni may crash or become sluggish if you use a single file for the music -- EdT) (What are the limits? --Paradox-01)

Music parts between intro and outro are played in a random order.

Why would Bungie have wanted random parts? A fair guess can be made with the songs' purpose: giving fights more atmosphere. But every player finishes the enemies in a different time: one wins in 2 minutes, the other in 6 minutes, etc. So 1) modular parts seem perfect to delay the outro part when it's necessary and 2) a random order adds more variety (making the loop less boring).

grp files have a <Weight> tag under <Permutation>. Permutation should have something to do how music parts get repeated. However, it's not clear what influence <Weight> has on the repetitions. Is it like TRAC's <Weight> used for probability?

OSBDfile.imp.xml

What is an impulse? Looking at the XML it seems unique in its spacial features: <Volume><Angle> / <Volume><MinAttenuation> / <ImpactVelocity> / <MinOcclusion>

Hypothesis:

  1. Impulses are preferably used by moving sources.
  2. They cannot be stopped by BSL once triggered to play.
  3. AI can hear them
  4. Minimum and maximum volume angle seems to be always 360 degrees. Maybe artifact properties since sound should propagate through space in all directions and area of effect is mostly made by their volume distance.
  5. File structure is always the same.


tag type description
<ImpulseSound> -
<Group> char[32] OSBDname.grp.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<Priority> flag When are these different flags used?
Low (default impact related? (ONIE concrete) + shell (ammunition)?)
Normal (AI, animation and impact related?)
High (OSBDtrigger_hit.imp.xml only?)
Highest (OSBDkonoko_gruesome_death.imp.xml only?)
<Volume> -
<Distance> -
<Min> float between min radius (distance) and sound origin the sound volume is equally strong
<Max> float between max and min radius (distance) there's a transition of the sound volume, greater distance than max makes the sound unhearable
<Angle> - Space angle? Does this work like the <Distance> tag?
<Min> -
<Max> -
<AlternateImpulse> -
<Treshold> int32
<Impulse> char[32] OSBDname.imp.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<ImpactVelocity> float
<MinOcclusion> float


OSBDfile.amb.xml

In case you want to create a simple sound file you can basically copy the code and change the red marked stuff in the examples.

OSBDfile.grp.xml, OSBDfile.amb.xml, BINACJBOSound.xml are showing the code from the nyan cat mod.


tag type description
<AmbientSound> -
<Priority> flag
Low
Normal
High
Highest
<Flags> flag
InterruptTracksOnStop - this flag must be set if you want to use BSL command sound_music_stop
PlayOnce
CanPan
<DetailTrackProperties> -
<SphereRadius> float
<ElapsedTime> -
<Min> float
<Max> float
<Volume> -
<Distance> -
<Min> float
<Max> float
<DetailTrack> char[32] OSBDname.grp.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<BaseTrack1> char[32] OSBDname.grp.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<BaseTrack2> char[32] OSBDname.grp.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<InSound> char[32] OSBDname.grp.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<OutSound> char[32] OSBDname.grp.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<Treshold> int32
<MinOcclusion> float


An example:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Oni>
   <AmbientSound>
       <Priority>Normal</Priority>
       <Flags>InterruptTracksOnStop</Flags>
       <DetailTrackProperties>
           <SphereRadius>10</SphereRadius>
           <ElapsedTime>
               <Min>0</Min>
               <Max>0</Max>
           </ElapsedTime>
       </DetailTrackProperties>
       <Volume>
           <Distance>
               <Min>10</Min>
               <Max>50</Max>
           </Distance>
       </Volume>
       <DetailTrack></DetailTrack>
       <BaseTrack1>nyan</BaseTrack1>
       <BaseTrack2></BaseTrack2>
       <InSound></InSound>
       <OutSound></OutSound>
       <Treshold>3</Treshold>
       <MinOcclusion>0</MinOcclusion>
   </AmbientSound>
</Oni>


OSBDfile.grp.xml

tag type description
<SoundGroup> -
<Volume> float
<Pitch> float
<Flags> flag PreventRepeat - forces to play different sounds if there are more than one permutations
<NumberOfChannels> int32 Here you tell Oni if your sound file is mono or stereo. Windows' 44.1 kHz is an exception.
22.05 kHz, mono 22.05 kHz, stereo 44.1 kHz, mono (PC-only)
NumberOfChannels 1 2 2
consequences of wrong imports
if grp's <NumberOfChannels> is 1 and sound file is 22.05 kHz, stereo then the sound won't get played
if grp's <NumberOfChannels> is 1 and sound file is 44.1 kHz, mono then the sound will play distorted
<Permutations> - int32 array for the <Permutation> tags.
<Permutation> -
<Weight> int32
<Volume> -
<Min> float
<Max> float
<Pitch> -
<Min> float
<Max> float
<Sound> char[32] SNDDname.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used


An example:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Oni>
   <SoundGroup>
       <Volume>1</Volume>
       <Pitch>1</Pitch>
       <Flags>PreventRepeat</Flags>
       <NumberOfChannels>2</NumberOfChannels>
       <Permutations>
           <Permutation>
               <Weight>10</Weight>
               <Volume>
                   <Min>1</Min>
                   <Max>1</Max>
               </Volume>
               <Pitch>
                   <Min>1</Min>
                   <Max>1</Max>
               </Pitch>
               <Sound>nyan</Sound>
           </Permutation>
       </Permutations>
   </SoundGroup>
</Oni>

BINACJBOSound.xml

This is for area-fixed sounds.


tag type description
<Objects> - This tag marks the file as BINACJBO.
<SNDG Id="..."> integer This tag marks the file as a sound list. ID doesn't matter at import time.
<Header> -
<Flags> flag Ignore it. Those flags were used in the past.
None
Locked
PlacedInGame
Temporary
Gunk
<Position> float x3 here you tell Oni where you want the sound to be located
<Rotation> float x3 Not really important.
<OSD> -
<Class> char[32] SNDDname.amb.oni, file prefix and suffix aren't used
<Sphere> -
<MinRadius> float between min radius and sound origin (<Position>) the sound volume is equally strong
<MaxRadius> float between max and min radius there is a transition of the sound volume, greater distance than max makes the sound unhearable
<Box> - alternative to <Sphere>, a box would be a better choice if you want to limit a sound to a specific room
<Min> float x3 X1 Y1 Z1
<Max> float x3 X2 Y2 Z2


An example:

       <SNDG Id="8805">
           <Header>
               <Flags></Flags>
               <Position>125 10 2231</Position>
               <Rotation>0 0 0</Rotation>
           </Header>
           <OSD>
               <Class>nyan</Class>
               <Sphere>
                   <MinRadius>7</MinRadius>
                   <MaxRadius>21</MaxRadius>
               </Sphere>
               <Volume>0.75</Volume>
               <Pitch>1</Pitch>
           </OSD>
       </SNDG>


sound-related BSL commands


sound_music_stop soundtrack - can only be used if .amb file has the InterruptTracksOnStop flag
sound_music_stop soundtrack 1 - soundtrack stop after 1 second while it gets quieter

You need a custom function if you want to fade out a soundtrack over more than one seconds. It could look like this:

var float x = 1;
var int y = 0;

# don't test this function with the console, it could happen that the function stops working after 4 cycles
func fade_music
{
 	# if statement with float values doesn't seem to work therefore the int y
	y = y + 1
	x = x - .01
	sound_music_volume (soundtrack, x)
	sleep 10
 	if (y eq 99)
	{
		# dmsg "stop music"
		sound_music_stop soundtrack
	}
	if (y < 99)
	{
		fork fade_music
	}
}



OCF thread about new music

How to register sounds to characters

... such as sounds of heavy attacks and taunts.


Let's see how sounds become picked up:
Schemata:

TRAM -> ONCC -> OSBD.amb -> OSBD.grp -> SNDD

Explanation:

  • The character performs a move / attack whereby the TRAM file holds a sound ID (<Vocalization>).
  • A link (OSBD.amb name) in ONCC file becomes looked up based on the sound ID.
    Note that the ONCC file has also a probability value that decides whether a sound becomes played or not.
  • The game engine looks into OSBD.amb and follows the link into OSBD.grp.
  • OSBD.grp can hold multiple links to SNDD files. That's why Konoko can have multiple taunt sounds.


step 1: preparing the TRAM

Search for <Vocalization> in the TRAM file and give it an ID according to the following table.


TRAM <Vocalization> IDs refer to these ONCC SoundConstants tags
ID link to ...
0 <TauntProbability> - taunt(s)
1 <AlertProbability> - AI being surprised by a sound
2 <StartleProbability> - AI being surprised by an enemy
3 <CheckBodyProbability> - (AI only?) death taunt (when enemy / player dies)
4 <PursueProbability> - sound when character lost track of enemy
5 <CoverProbability> - being afraid (E.g. "Dont't hurt me.")
6 <SuperPunchSound> - sound of ######punch_heavy.oni, super punches don't have sound IDs
7 <SuperKickSound> - sound of ######kick_heavy.oni, super kicks don't have sound IDs
8 <Super3Sound> - AI specialty, Mukade use it for his devil star attack (TRAMNINCOMfireball)
9 <Super4Sound> - unused


step 2: preparing the ONCC

Search for <SoundConstants> and set a value between 0 and 100. 100 will make the engine play a sound always the taunt animation is played.

Let's compare with Konoko (and in the following steps especially the with her taunt files.) In ONCCkonoko_generic.xml it looks like this:

           <SoundConstants>
               <TauntProbability>100</TauntProbability>
               <AlertProbability>0</AlertProbability>
               <StartleProbability>0</StartleProbability>
               <CheckBodyProbability>0</CheckBodyProbability>
               <PursueProbability>0</PursueProbability>
               <CoverProbability>0</CoverProbability>
               <SuperPunchProbability>100</SuperPunchProbability>
               <SuperKickProbability>100</SuperKickProbability>
               <Super3Probability>0</Super3Probability>
               <Super4Probability>0</Super4Probability>
               <TauntSound>c17_99_28konoko</TauntSound>
               <AlertSound></AlertSound>
               <StartleSound></StartleSound>
               <CheckBodySound></CheckBodySound>
               <PursueSound></PursueSound>
               <CoverSound></CoverSound>
               <SuperPunchSound>c18_79_14konoko</SuperPunchSound>
               <SuperKickSound>c18_79_15konoko</SuperKickSound>
               <Super3Sound></Super3Sound>
               <Super4Sound></Super4Sound>
           </SoundConstants>


step 3: preparing the OSBD.amb

You basically need such a file...

Do you see the <BaseTrack1> tag? In this case it holds the link OSBDc17_99_28konoko.grp.oni.


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Oni>
   <AmbientSound>
       <Priority>Highest</Priority>
       <Flags>InterruptTracksOnStop PlayOnce</Flags>
       <DetailTrackProperties>
           <SphereRadius>10</SphereRadius>
           <ElapsedTime>
               <Min>0</Min>
               <Max>0</Max>
           </ElapsedTime>
       </DetailTrackProperties>
       <Volume>
           <Distance>
               <Min>10</Min>
               <Max>50</Max>
           </Distance>
       </Volume>
       <DetailTrack></DetailTrack>
       <BaseTrack1>c17_99_28konoko</BaseTrack1>
       <BaseTrack2></BaseTrack2>
       <InSound></InSound>
       <OutSound></OutSound>
       <Treshold>3</Treshold>
       <MinOcclusion>0</MinOcclusion>
   </AmbientSound>
</Oni>


step 4: preparing the OSBD.grp

Since <NumberOfChannels> is only once presented all the SNDD files must have the same number of channels.

22.05 kHz, mono 22.05 kHz, stereo 44.1 kHz, mono (PC-only)
NumberOfChannels 1 2 2


(It's possible to speed up sounds with <Pitch>. E.g. Fury's taunt is speeded up by 1.14 to brighten the voice. But in most cases you probably want to keep it as "1".)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Oni>
   <SoundGroup>
       <Volume>1</Volume>
       <Pitch>1</Pitch>
       <Flags>PreventRepeat</Flags>
       <NumberOfChannels>1</NumberOfChannels>
       <Permutations>
           <Permutation>
               <Weight>10</Weight>
               <Volume>
                   <Min>1</Min>
                   <Max>1</Max>
               </Volume>
               <Pitch>
                   <Min>1</Min>
                   <Max>1</Max>
               </Pitch>
               <Sound>c17_99_28konoko.aif</Sound>
           </Permutation>
           <Permutation>
               <Weight>10</Weight>
               <Volume>
                   <Min>1</Min>
                   <Max>1</Max>
               </Volume>
               <Pitch>
                   <Min>1</Min>
                   <Max>1</Max>
               </Pitch>
               <Sound>c17_99_29konoko.aif</Sound>
           </Permutation>
           [...]
       </Permutations>
   </SoundGroup>
</Oni>


As you can see Konoko uses multiple sounds.

  • SNDDc17_99_28konoko.aif.oni ("You're gonna get beat(en) by a girl!")
  • SNDDc17_99_29konoko.aif.oni ("Ready to lose?") (You can play sounds with (PC) onisplit GUI or (Mac) AETools.
  • [...]

"aif" is here part of the name, don't get bothered by it.

Permutations in .grp files are the reason why Konoko has multiple sounds through one and the same taunt animation.


step 5: everything else what's left

  • create your SNDD if you haven't yet
  • put your files into a package
  • test your stuff in-game